Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials

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Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials


Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials
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Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials


Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials
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Author : Weichung Joe Shih
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2021-11

Statistical Design Monitoring And Analysis Of Clinical Trials written by Weichung Joe Shih and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2021-11 with Clinical trials categories.


"Developed from the authors' courses taught to public health and medical students, residents, and fellows during the past 15 years, the text shows how biostatistics in clinical trials is an integration of many fundamental scientific principles and statistical methods. The book begins with ethical and safety principles, core trial design concepts, the principles and methods of sample size and power calculation, and analysis of covariance and stratified analysis. It then focuses on sequential designs and methods for two-stage Phase II cancer trials to Phase III group sequential trials, covering monitoring safety, futility, and efficacy. The authors also discuss the development of sample size reestimation and adaptive group sequential procedures, explain the concept of different missing data processes, and describe how to analyze incomplete data by proper multiple imputations"--

Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials


Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials
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Author : Michael A. Proschan
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2010-02-12

Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials written by Michael A. Proschan and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010-02-12 with Medical categories.


The approach taken in this book is, to studies monitored over time, what the Central Limit Theorem is to studies with only one analysis. Just as the Central Limit Theorem shows that test statistics involving very different types of clinical trial outcomes are asymptotically normal, this book shows that the joint distribution of the test statistics at different analysis times is asymptotically multivariate normal with the correlation structure of Brownian motion ("the B-value") – irrespective of the test statistic. Thus, this book offers statisticians an accessible, incremental approach to understanding Brownian motion as related to clinical trials.

Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials


Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials
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Author : Michael A. Proschan
language : en
Publisher: Springer
Release Date : 2008-11-01

Statistical Monitoring Of Clinical Trials written by Michael A. Proschan and has been published by Springer this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-11-01 with Medical categories.


The approach taken in this book is, to studies monitored over time, what the Central Limit Theorem is to studies with only one analysis. Just as the Central Limit Theorem shows that test statistics involving very different types of clinical trial outcomes are asymptotically normal, this book shows that the joint distribution of the test statistics at different analysis times is asymptotically multivariate normal with the correlation structure of Brownian motion ("the B-value") – irrespective of the test statistic. Thus, this book offers statisticians an accessible, incremental approach to understanding Brownian motion as related to clinical trials.

Handbook Of Methods For Designing Monitoring And Analyzing Dose Finding Trials


Handbook Of Methods For Designing Monitoring And Analyzing Dose Finding Trials
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Author : John O'Quigley
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2017-04-27

Handbook Of Methods For Designing Monitoring And Analyzing Dose Finding Trials written by John O'Quigley and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-04-27 with Mathematics categories.


Handbook of Methods for Designing, Monitoring, and Analyzing Dose-Finding Trials gives a thorough presentation of state-of-the-art methods for early phase clinical trials. The methodology of clinical trials has advanced greatly over the last 20 years and, arguably, nowhere greater than that of early phase studies. The need to accelerate drug development in a rapidly evolving context of targeted therapies, immunotherapy, combination treatments and complex group structures has provided the stimulus to these advances. Typically, we deal with very small samples, sequential methods that need to be efficient, while, at the same time adhering to ethical principles due to the involvement of human subjects. Statistical inference is difficult since the standard techniques of maximum likelihood do not usually apply as a result of model misspecification and parameter estimates lying on the boundary of the parameter space. Bayesian methods play an important part in overcoming these difficulties, but nonetheless, require special consideration in this particular context. The purpose of this handbook is to provide an expanded summary of the field as it stands and also, through discussion, provide insights into the thinking of leaders in the field as to the potential developments of the years ahead. With this goal in mind we present: An introduction to the field for graduate students and novices A basis for more established researchers from which to build A collection of material for an advanced course in early phase clinical trials A comprehensive guide to available methodology for practicing statisticians on the design and analysis of dose-finding experiments An extensive guide for the multiple comparison and modeling (MCP-Mod) dose-finding approach, adaptive two-stage designs for dose finding, as well as dose–time–response models and multiple testing in the context of confirmatory dose-finding studies. John O’Quigley is a professor of mathematics and research director at the French National Institute for Health and Medical Research based at the Faculty of Mathematics, University Pierre and Marie Curie in Paris, France. He is author of Proportional Hazards Regression and has published extensively in the field of dose finding. Alexia Iasonos is an associate attending biostatistician at the Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York. She has over one hundred publications in the leading statistical and clinical journals on the methodology and design of early phase clinical trials. Dr. Iasonos has wide experience in the actual implementation of model based early phase trials and has given courses in scientific meetings internationally. Björn Bornkamp is a statistical methodologist at Novartis in Basel, Switzerland, researching and implementing dose-finding designs in Phase II clinical trials. He is one of the co-developers of the MCP-Mod methodology for dose finding and main author of the DoseFinding R package. He has published numerous papers on dose finding, nonlinear models and Bayesian statistics, and in 2013 won the Royal Statistical Society award for statistical excellence in the pharmaceutical industry.

Design And Analysis Of Clinical Trials


Design And Analysis Of Clinical Trials
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Author : Shein-Chung Chow
language : en
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
Release Date : 1998-06-23

Design And Analysis Of Clinical Trials written by Shein-Chung Chow and has been published by Wiley-Interscience this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1998-06-23 with Mathematics categories.


A unique, unifying treatment for statistics and science in clinical trials What sets this volume apart from the many books dealing with clinical trials is its integration of statistical and clinical disciplines. Stressing communication between biostatisticians and clinical scientists, this work clearly relates statistical interpretation to clinical issues arising in different stages of pharmaceutical research and development. Plus, the principles presented here are universal enough to be easily adapted in non-biopharmaceutical settings. Design and Analysis of Clinical Trials tackles concepts and methodologies. It not only covers statistical basics such as uncertainty and bias, design considerations such as patient selection, randomization, and the different types of clinical trials but also deals with various methods of data analysis, group sequential procedures for interim analysis, efficacy data evaluation, analysis of safety data, and more. Throughout, the book: * Surveys current and emerging clinical issues and newly developed statistical methods * Presents a critical review of statistical methodologies in various therapeutic areas * Features case studies from actual clinical trials * Minimizes the mathematics involved, making the material widely accessible * Offers each chapter as a self-contained entity * Includes illustrations to highlight the text This monumental reference on all facets of clinical trials is important reading for physicians, clinical and medical researchers, pharmaceutical scientists, clinical programmers, biostatisticians, and anyone involved in this burgeoning area of clinical research. It can also be used as a textbook in graduate-level courses in the field.

Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials
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Author : Stuart J. Pocock
language : en
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Release Date : 2013-07-17

Clinical Trials written by Stuart J. Pocock and has been published by John Wiley & Sons this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2013-07-17 with Medical categories.


This comprehensive, unified text on the principles and practice of clinical trials presents a detailed account of how to conduct the trials. It describes the design, analysis, and interpretation of clinical trials in a non-technical manner and provides a general perspective on their historical development, current status, and future strategy. Features examples derived from the author's personal experience.

Introduction To Statistical Methods For Clinical Trials


Introduction To Statistical Methods For Clinical Trials
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Author : Thomas D. Cook
language : en
Publisher: CRC Press
Release Date : 2007-11-19

Introduction To Statistical Methods For Clinical Trials written by Thomas D. Cook and has been published by CRC Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2007-11-19 with Mathematics categories.


Clinical trials have become essential research tools for evaluating the benefits and risks of new interventions for the treatment and prevention of diseases, from cardiovascular disease to cancer to AIDS. Based on the authors’ collective experiences in this field, Introduction to Statistical Methods for Clinical Trials presents various statistical topics relevant to the design, monitoring, and analysis of a clinical trial. After reviewing the history, ethics, protocol, and regulatory issues of clinical trials, the book provides guidelines for formulating primary and secondary questions and translating clinical questions into statistical ones. It examines designs used in clinical trials, presents methods for determining sample size, and introduces constrained randomization procedures. The authors also discuss how various types of data must be collected to answer key questions in a trial. In addition, they explore common analysis methods, describe statistical methods that determine what an emerging trend represents, and present issues that arise in the analysis of data. The book concludes with suggestions for reporting trial results that are consistent with universal guidelines recommended by medical journals. Developed from a course taught at the University of Wisconsin for the past 25 years, this textbook provides a solid understanding of the statistical approaches used in the design, conduct, and analysis of clinical trials.